Marghilan city is the part of Ferghana region with the population of about 200 000 people. Exact time of the foundation of the city is unknown. Legends relate the origin of the name of Marghilan with the name of Alexander of Macedonia.
About the historical past of the city is evidenced by numerous finds discovered during archaeological excavations at the ancient settlement of Kizlartepa, near the location of the current area of Mashad.
In the 10th century Marghilan was known as a center of silk production, contributed to this favorable natural condition. Marghilan silk on caravan routes was available in different corners of the earth. Zahiriddin Babur in "Babur-nama" writes about the city of Marginan, "good city, full of all grace," in which "many gardens grow wonderful variety of pomegranates, with a slight pleasant sour taste; apricots, from the fruit of which pits taken out and dried”.
Marghilan, like all medieval towns surrounded by a fortress wall with twelve gates. The narrow winding streets with fairly dense residential development led to the center of town, where Urda - the palace of the ruler and the market. In 1876, after the abolition of the Khanate of Kokand, Marghilan became part of Turkestan province.
Modern Marghilan - a relatively small town, known far outside of Uzbekistan for its rich historical past and preserved monuments.
Just as in ancient times, it remains the center of silk weaving. Opened in 1928 Silk-spinning factory "Yodgorlik" - one of the leading enterprises in the city, there is a way to save the manual production of silk; there are a great number of small family businesses, in which from generation to generation the secrets of silk weaving.
The city has three major companies: JSC "Alisher Navoi", JSC "Osiyo" JV «Green Foods», operates eight joint ventures. The city operates 35 schools, 11 vocational colleges, 7 hospitals.
The decision to celebrate the 2000th anniversary of Marghilan was adopted at the 33rd session of the UNESCO General Conference in 2005. On the eve of the anniversary, which is solemnly celebrated on 7 September 2007, has been an extensive restoration work on the monuments of architecture, reconstruction, improvement of the city.